工程地质学报 2010, 18(6) 805-817 DOI:     ISSN:  CN

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斜坡稳定性与地质灾害
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本文关键词相关文章
高速远程滑坡—碎屑流
发展现状
研究难点
研究重点
本文作者相关文章
张明
殷跃平
吴树仁
张永双
PubMed
Article by Zhang, M.
Article by Yan, Y. P.
Article by Wu, S. R.
Article by Zhang, Y. S.
高速远程滑坡-碎屑流运动机理研究发展现状与展望
张明①②, 殷跃平, 吴树仁①②, 张永双①②
①国土资源部新构造运动与地质灾害重点实验室 北京 100081;
②中国地质科学院地质力学研究所 北京 10081;
③中国地质调查局 北京 100037
摘要

高速远程滑坡-碎屑流具有极高的运动速度和超远距离的位移,往往能够引发灾难性事故,造成严重的生命财产损失,因此,它的运动机理,即高速远程效应机理一直是国内外学者研究的热点。目前国外主要存在四种观点:空气润滑模型、颗粒流模型、能量传递模型和底部超孔隙水压力模型。但是,由于高速远程滑坡-碎屑流自身的复杂性,到目前为止,研究还没有取得公认的成果。 中国是高速远程滑坡-碎屑流的频发区,因其研究才刚刚起步,研究成果还处于定性阶段。本文在查阅大量文献的基础上,从理论和技术两方面分别阐述了国内外高速远程滑坡-碎屑流运动机理研究的发展现状,对目前纵多的理论和模型进行了归纳与总结,点评了目前研究的难点,并在此基础上提出了今后的研究重点。本文是国内外首次对该领域的研究进行系统的归纳和总结,对今后类似的研究具较高的参考价值。

关键词 高速远程滑坡—碎屑流   发展现状   研究难点   研究重点  
DEVELOPMENT STATUS AND PROSPECTS OF STUDIES ON KINEMATICS OF LONG RUNOUT ROCK AVALANCHES
ZHANG Ming①②, YIN Yueping, WU Shuren①②, ZHANG Yongshuang①②
①Key Laboratory of Geotectonic Movement &|Geohazard,Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100081;
②Institute of Geomechanics,Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences,Beijing 100081;
③China Geological Survey, Beijing 100037
Abstract:

The occurrence of rock avalanche always brings disastrous catastrophes because of its high speed and unexpected long runout. So,its kinematics or moving mechanism has been the focus of engineering geologists around the world since late 19th century. At present,there are four viewpoints abroad: air-lubrication model,grain flow model,momentum-transfer model and self-undrained loading model. Howver,they have not been widely accepted possibly because of complication. China is a country where frequent rock avalances occur. The research on this field is just at the beginning and most of the research results are qualitative. Based on a review of a plenty of literatures,this paper expounds the development status of study on the transport mechanism of rock avalanches in two aspects of theories and research techniques. It summarizes the existing numerous models,comments on the research difficulties at present. Finally,it puts forward the research directions in the future according to the present bottlenecks. This paper systematically sums up the relevant research status and can be helpful to the future research.

Keywords: Rock avalanche   Kinematics   Mechanism   Literature review   Geohazard  
收稿日期 2009-01-14 修回日期 2010-03-18 网络版发布日期  
DOI:
基金项目:

"十一五"国家科技支撑计划项目(2006BAC04B02)资助

通讯作者:
作者简介: 张明,主要从事工程地质专业方面的研究工作.Email: zhangming8157@126.com
作者Email:

参考文献:


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