陡倾矿体充填法开采引起地表移动的实例分析

郭捷 马凤山 徐嘉谟

郭捷, 马凤山, 徐嘉谟. 2014: 陡倾矿体充填法开采引起地表移动的实例分析. 工程地质学报, 22(5): 958-964. doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2014.05.27
引用本文: 郭捷, 马凤山, 徐嘉谟. 2014: 陡倾矿体充填法开采引起地表移动的实例分析. 工程地质学报, 22(5): 958-964. doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2014.05.27
GUO Jie, MA Fengshan, XU Jiamo. 2014: A CASE STUDY OF GROUND MOVEMENT DUE TO BACKFILL MINING OF STEEP OREBODY. JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY, 22(5): 958-964. doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2014.05.27
Citation: GUO Jie, MA Fengshan, XU Jiamo. 2014: A CASE STUDY OF GROUND MOVEMENT DUE TO BACKFILL MINING OF STEEP OREBODY. JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY, 22(5): 958-964. doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2014.05.27

陡倾矿体充填法开采引起地表移动的实例分析

doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2014.05.27
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目(41372323,41172271,41402280)资助

详细信息
    作者简介:

    郭捷,男,博士后,从事工程地质与岩土工程研究. Email: guojie@mail.iggcas.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: TD8

A CASE STUDY OF GROUND MOVEMENT DUE TO BACKFILL MINING OF STEEP OREBODY

  • 摘要: 监测表明,长期采用充填法开采的大型金属矿山也会发生显著的地表变形破坏现象。为了掌握金川镍矿地下开采引起的地表移动、变形和破坏规律,借助GPS技术作为地表移动的监测手段,建立了覆盖矿区地表的GPS监测网。持续的监测数据表明,金川矿区地表最大沉降量已达2400mm左右,以现场调查与地表长期监测数据为依据,给出了地表移动的范围与特征,分析了与岩体移动、变形和破坏现象发生相关的条件和规律,并提出了一些具有预测性的观点,为工程地质-岩石力学条件大致相同矿山的工程技术人员和研究人员提供了一个有借鉴意义的实例。
  • [1] 刘同有. 充填采矿技术与应用[M]. 北京:冶金工业出版社, 2001.

    Liu Tongyou. Technology of backfill mining and its application[M]. Beijing: Metallurgical Industry Press, 2001.

    [2] 彭士群,王洪武. 进路充填采矿法充填技术探讨[J]. 中国矿山工程, 2004, 33 (3)30~33.

    Peng Shiqun, Wang Hongwu. Discussion on filling techniques of access back-filling method[J]. China Mine Engineering, 2004, 33 (3):30~33.

    [3] 李元辉,解世俊. 阶段充填采矿方法[J]. 金属矿山, 2006, (6): 13~15.

    Li Yuanhui, Xie Shijun. Mass filling method[J]. Metal Mine. 2006, (6): 13~15.

    [4] 孙豁然,毛凤海,安龙,等. 论金属矿床地下开采采矿方法称谓[J]. 金属矿山, 2010, (2): 13~17.

    Sun Huoran, Mao Fenghai, An Long, et al. Discourse upon the appellation of underground mining methods in metal mine[J]. Metal Mine, 2010, (2): 13~17.

    [5] 赵海军,马凤山,李国庆,等. 充填法开采引起地表移动、变形和破坏的过程分析和机理研究[J]. 岩土工程学报, 2008, 30 (5): 670~676.

    Zhao Haijun, Ma Fengshan, Li Guoqing, et al. Analysis and mechanism of ground movement deformation and fracture induced by underground backfill mining[J]. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 2008, 30 (5): 670~676.

    [6] 马凤山,袁任茂,邓青海,等. 金川矿山地表岩移GPS监测及岩体采动影响规律[J]. 工程地质学报, 2007, 15 (S2): 84~97.

    Ma Fengshan, Yuan Renmao, Deng Qinghai, et al. GPS monitoring of ground movement and mechanism of underground mining influence in Jinchuan mine[J]. Journal of Engineering Geology, 2007, 15 (S2): 84~97.

    [7] 徐嘉谟. 金川矿山边坡岩体工程地质力学[M]. 北京:地震出版社, 1998.

    Xu Jiamo. Engineering geomechanics of slope rock mass in Jinchuan Mine[M]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 1998.

    [8] 梅松华,盛谦,李文秀. 地表及岩体移动研究进展[J]. 岩石力学与工程学报, 2004, 23 (增1): 4535~4538.

    Mei Songhua, Sheng Qian, Li Wenxiu. Research advances in surface and rock-mass movement[J]. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 2004, 23 (S1): 4535~4538.

    [9] 李文秀,郑小平,王晶. 软岩地层地下铁矿开采岩体移动影响范围及变化趋势分析[J]. 岩石力学与工程学报, 2009, 28 (增2): 3673~3678.

    Li Wenxiu, Zheng Xiaoping, Wang Jing. Analysis of influenced regions and change trend for rock mass displacement due to mining of iron ore in soft rock strata[J]. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 2009, 28 (S2): 3673~3678.

    [10] 李晓,路世豹,廖秋林,等. 充填法开采引起的地裂缝分布特征与现场监测分析[J]. 岩石力学与工程学报, 2006, 25 (7): 1361~1369.

    Li Xiao, Lu Shibao, Liao Qiulin, et al. Distribution characteristics and field monitoring of ground fissures caused by backfill mining[J]. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 2006, 25 (7): 1361~1369.

    [11] 高直,张海军,崔宏亮,等. 金川二矿区地表裂缝沉降变化规律及形成机制分析[J]. 有色金属, 2009, 61 (1): 28~32.

    Gao Zhi, Zhang Haijun, Cui Hongliang, et al. Analysis of surface settlement crack distortion law and formation mechanism in No.2 mining area of Jinchuan nickel mine[J]. Nonferrous Metals, 2009, 61 (1): 28~32.

    [12] Bruneaua G, Tylerb D B, Hadjigeorgioua J,et al. Influence of faulting on a mine shaft—a case study: part I-background and instrumentation[J]. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 2003, 40 (1): 95~111.

    [13] Cui X M,Miao X X,Wang J A, et al. Improved prediction of differential subsidence caused by underground mining[J]. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 2000, 37 (4): 615~627.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  2875
  • HTML全文浏览量:  111
  • PDF下载量:  479
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-05-10
  • 修回日期:  2014-08-25
  • 刊出日期:  2014-10-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回