无人机在强震区地质灾害精细调查中的应用研究

王帅永 唐川 何敬 张卫旭 方群生 程霄

王帅永, 唐川, 何敬, 张卫旭, 方群生, 程霄. 2016: 无人机在强震区地质灾害精细调查中的应用研究. 工程地质学报, 24(4): 713-719. doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2016.04.029
引用本文: 王帅永, 唐川, 何敬, 张卫旭, 方群生, 程霄. 2016: 无人机在强震区地质灾害精细调查中的应用研究. 工程地质学报, 24(4): 713-719. doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2016.04.029
WANG Shuaiyong, TANG Chuan, HE Jing, ZHANG Weixu, FANG Qunsheng, CHENG Xiao. 2016: USE OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE FOR PRECISE INVESTIGATION OF GEOLOGICAL HAZARD IN STRONG SEISMIC ZONE. JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY, 24(4): 713-719. doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2016.04.029
Citation: WANG Shuaiyong, TANG Chuan, HE Jing, ZHANG Weixu, FANG Qunsheng, CHENG Xiao. 2016: USE OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE FOR PRECISE INVESTIGATION OF GEOLOGICAL HAZARD IN STRONG SEISMIC ZONE. JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY, 24(4): 713-719. doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2016.04.029

无人机在强震区地质灾害精细调查中的应用研究

doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2016.04.029
基金项目: 

科技基础性工作专项:西南地形急变带地质灾害综合调查与风险制图 2011FY110100-3

地质灾害防治与地质环境保护国家重点实验室团队项目 SKLGP2012Z002

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王帅永(1988-),男,硕士生,研究方向为3S技术在地质灾害中的应用.Email:932642157@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P694;V279+.2

USE OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE FOR PRECISE INVESTIGATION OF GEOLOGICAL HAZARD IN STRONG SEISMIC ZONE

  • 摘要: 为对强震区地质灾害进行精细调查,基于无人机低空摄影测量系统能够获取高精度、高分辨率和高时效的遥感影像且具有灵活性强和不受复杂地形影响等特点。本文将无人机低空摄影测量系统应用到强震区地质灾害精细调查,探讨了强震区地质灾害无人机遥感精细调查流程及成果应用。以老虎嘴滑坡所在区域的应用为例,阐述了无人机遥感像片的获取和DEM、DOM及三维真实空间场景的制作方法,重点介绍了利用三维真实场景对地质灾害进行定性及定量分析及精确描述。实践结果表明:(1)同常规的遥感调查方法相比,该方法不仅能够获取更高分辨率和更高精度的地质灾害精细调查基础数据,而且还提高了其时效性及可靠性;(2)构建的地质灾害体三维真实空间场景突破了传统的二维地质灾害解译技术,提高了地质灾害解译的精度及准确度。本文较完整地阐述了无人机低空摄影测量系统在强震区地质灾害精细调查的流程及方法,可以较好地应用于强震区地质灾害精细调查。
  • 图  1  无人机地面部分

    Figure  1.  Unmanned aerial vehicle ground part

    图  2  无人机空中部分

    Figure  2.  Unmanned aerial vehicle air part

    图  3  无人机低空摄影测量系统的强震区地质灾害精细调查流程图

    Figure  3.  The flowchart of the precise investigation of geological hazard in stong earthquake zone based on unmanned aerial vehicle low-altitude photographic system

    图  4  老虎嘴滑坡单张航拍影像

    Figure  4.  The single aerial photograph of Laohuzui landslide

    图  5  航迹图

    Figure  5.  The air route map

    图  6  研究区DEM栅格影像

    Figure  6.  DEM of study area

    图  7  研究区正射影像

    Figure  7.  DOM of study area

    图  8  研究区三维空间场景

    Figure  8.  Three dimensional scene of study area

    图  9  老虎嘴滑坡三维空间场景

    Figure  9.  Three dimensional scene of Laohuzui landslide

    表  1  无人机相关参数

    Table  1.   Parameters of unmanned aerial vehicle

    项目参数项目参数
    轴数六轴飞行半径15km
    轴距0.81m平飞速度30km·h-1
    空机重4kg巡航速度30km·h-1
    实际有效载荷2kg续航时间30min
    飞行高度1000m搭载相机Cannon 5DII
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-06-10
  • 修回日期:  2015-08-02
  • 刊出日期:  2016-08-25

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