周翠英 刘镇 薛翊国 李彦荣 范宣梅 陈卫忠 孙萍

周翠英, 刘镇, 薛翊国, 等. 2023. 关于红层灾变基础研究的若干思考[J]. 工程地质学报, 31(3): 689-705. doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2022-0842
引用本文: 周翠英, 刘镇, 薛翊国, 等. 2023. 关于红层灾变基础研究的若干思考[J]. 工程地质学报, 31(3): 689-705. doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2022-0842
Zhou Cuiying, Liu Zhen, Xue Yiguo, et al. 2023. Some thoughts on basic research of red beds disaster[J]. Journal of Engineering Geology, 31(3): 689-705. doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2022-0842
Citation: Zhou Cuiying, Liu Zhen, Xue Yiguo, et al. 2023. Some thoughts on basic research of red beds disaster[J]. Journal of Engineering Geology, 31(3): 689-705. doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2022-0842


doi: 10.13544/j.cnki.jeg.2022-0842

国家自然科学基金项目 42293350

国家自然科学基金项目 41977230

国家自然科学基金项目 42277131


    周翠英(1963-),女,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事岩土工程的教学与研究工作. E-mail: zhoucy@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P642



the National Natural Science Foundation of China 42293350

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41977230

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 42277131

  • 摘要: 红层是一种分布广泛,性质特殊的易灾地层组合,其灾变基础科学问题已成为工程地质学科领域迫切需要解决的前沿课题之一。我国红层分布区工程规模巨大,灾变问题突出,主要表现为地质灾害、工程病害、生态损害3大灾变类型,使得红层地区经济社会可持续发展面临着前所未有的灾变危害与风险,严重威胁着一系列国家重大战略的实施。传统红层灾变理论和防控技术难以适应复杂条件下人地失调带来的重大挑战,亟待突破。本文旨在通过对国内外研究现状分析、对基础性科学问题的深入思考与系统梳理,阐明中国红层灾变研究概况,分析红层灾变基础研究的国际学术前沿问题,提出红层灾变基础研究亟待解决的3个关键科学问题,阐述了主要研究思路与内容及方案。这些思考寄期于支持破解红层灾变地质基因、成因机理、韧性协调防控等难题,以保障红层地区国家重大战略的高效实施,保障人居安全、生态文明建设和社会经济可持续发展,使得我国红层灾变研究占领国际前沿高地。
  • 图  1  红层分布示意图(改自Yan et al.(2019))(中国地图修改自国家测绘地理信息局标准地图服务网站,审图号:GS(2020)3184号,自然资源部监制)

    Figure  1.  Red beds distribution diagram(Modified from Yan et al.(2019))(China map quoted from Standard Map Service Website of National Surveying and Mapping Geographic Information Bureau, Drawing number: GS(2020)3184, Supervised by the Ministry of Natural Resources)

    图  2  一带一路、长江经济带、粤港澳大湾区等国家重大战略区域与红层分布的关系示意图(中国地图修改自国家测绘地理信息局标准地图服务网站,审图号:GS(2016)1569号,自然资源部监制)(注:包括不同战略区域重合部分)

    Figure  2.  One Belt One Way, Yangtze River Economic Belt, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and other national major strategic areas and red beds distribution(China map quoted from Standard map service website of National Surveying and Mapping Geographic Information Bureau, Drawing number: GS(2016)1569, Supervised by the Ministry of Natural Resources)(Note: Including the overlapping part of different strategic areas)

    图  3  红层地区重大灾害高度集中(中国地图修改自国家测绘地理信息局标准地图服务网站,审图号:GS(2016)1606号,自然资源部监制)

    Figure  3.  Major disasters in the red beds are highly concentrated(China map modified from Standard map service website of National Surveying and Mapping Geographic Information Bureau, Drawing number: GS(2016)1606, Supervised Ministry of Natural Resources)

    图  4  西北高原红层大规模滑坡群,严重威胁基础设施安全

    Figure  4.  Large-scale landslide group in the red beds of the Northwest Plateau which seriously threatens the infrastructure security

    图  5  西南山地红层大密集的重大工程病害严重威胁生命线工程与城市群安全

    Figure  5.  Major engineering diseases with large density of red beds in southwest mountainous area seriously threaten the lifeline engineering and urban agglomeration security

    图  6  东南盆地红层大范围生态损害现象,严重威胁生态安全

    Figure  6.  The large-scale ecological damage of the red beds in the Southeast Basin, seriously threatening ecological security

    图  7  拟解决的3个关键科学问题

    Figure  7.  Three key scientific issues to be solved

    图  8  主要研究方向与关键科学问题及关键前沿科学问题关系

    Figure  8.  The relationship between the main research direction and key scientific issues and key frontier scientific issues

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  • 收稿日期:  2022-12-14
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