地下采矿诱发山体崩滑地质灾害研究现状与展望

李腾飞 李晓 苑伟娜 李守定 赫建明 马超锋 陈雨 王刚

李腾飞, 李晓, 苑伟娜, 李守定, 赫建明, 马超锋, 陈雨, 王刚. 2011: 地下采矿诱发山体崩滑地质灾害研究现状与展望. 工程地质学报, 19(6): 831-838.
引用本文: 李腾飞, 李晓, 苑伟娜, 李守定, 赫建明, 马超锋, 陈雨, 王刚. 2011: 地下采矿诱发山体崩滑地质灾害研究现状与展望. 工程地质学报, 19(6): 831-838.
LI Tengfei, LI Xiao, YUAN Weina, LI Shouding, HE Jianming, MA Chaofeng, CHEN Yu, WANG Gang. 2011: CURRENT STATUS AND PROSPECTS OF STUDIES ON MECHANISM OF LANDSLIDE GEOHAZARDS INDUCED BY UNDERGROUND MINING. JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY, 19(6): 831-838.
Citation: LI Tengfei, LI Xiao, YUAN Weina, LI Shouding, HE Jianming, MA Chaofeng, CHEN Yu, WANG Gang. 2011: CURRENT STATUS AND PROSPECTS OF STUDIES ON MECHANISM OF LANDSLIDE GEOHAZARDS INDUCED BY UNDERGROUND MINING. JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY, 19(6): 831-838.

地下采矿诱发山体崩滑地质灾害研究现状与展望

基金项目: 

国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)项目(2010CB731501No.2009CB724605), 国家自然科学基金资助项目(41027001), 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-JS102,YZ200912), 中国地质调查局工作项目(1212011014026)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李腾飞,工程地质专业,主要从事工程地质与采动滑坡地质灾害方面的研究.Email: Robustfei@126.com

  • 中图分类号: TU457,P642.22

CURRENT STATUS AND PROSPECTS OF STUDIES ON MECHANISM OF LANDSLIDE GEOHAZARDS INDUCED BY UNDERGROUND MINING

  • 摘要: 地下采矿活动诱发的山区崩滑地质灾害已经对人类活动带来了重大影响。针对采动滑坡地质灾害的发生机制,总结了近年来国内外的主要研究工作与成果,并分别从现场监测、物理模型实验研究和数值模拟实验研究3个方面对采动滑坡失稳机理进行了归纳和总结,得出如下认识:(1)已有的研究对小规模不充分开采引起的山体移动规律研究不清楚。认为地下开采作用仅是影响坡体稳定的一个因素,忽略了地下采矿活动本身各因素如开采方式、采空区处理技术等不同的影响; (2)现场监测方面多为地表的监测数据,缺少矿井上下的对照监测资料,即地下采空区的扩展过程与岩层移动监测数据之间的对应关系; (3)已有的模拟研究基于地质背景、本构及参数等因素的假设,对地质模型的刻画过于简化,得出的也多是一些趋向性的基本认识。在后续的研究工作中应将重点着眼于地下开采作用的细化研究,加强对地下采空区的调查和对采空区上覆不同埋深处岩体变形的监测,并建立更能反映真实地质条件的大规模精细三维数值模型。
  • [1] 汤伏全. 采动滑坡的机理分析[J].西安矿业学院学报, 1989, 3 : 32~36. Tang Fuquan.Mechanism analysis of landslide by mining.Journal of Xi'an Mining Institute, 1989, 3 : 32~36.

    [2] 潘宏宇. 采动滑坡机理与控制开采方法研究 .西安科技大学硕士学位论文, 2005. Pan Hongyu. Analyzing the Mechanism and Control Mining Method Research about Mining Landslide.The Master Degree Dissertation of Xi'an University of Science and Technology, 2005.

    [3] 钟辉亚, 杜伯辉,曾祥喜. 山体崩塌的地质因素与浅层采矿的关系 .典型人类工程活动与地质环境相互作用研究(二). .北京:地震出版社, 1995. Zhong Huiya,Du Bohui,Zeng Xiangxi. Relationship between geological infactors of landslide geohazard and low mining.In: Study on Interaction of Engineering Activities and Geological Environment.Beijing: Earthquake Publishing House, 1995.

    [4] 刘传正. 采矿引发的山体开裂崩滑灾害 .重大地质灾害防治理论与实践. .北京.科学出版社, 2009. Liu Chuanzheng.Landslide geohazard induced by undermining.In: Theory and Its Application on Mega-geo-Hazards Mitigation.Beijing: Science Press, 2009.

    [5] 李宏杰. 典型人类活动对边坡变形及稳定性的影响研究 .中国科学院研究生院博士学位论文, 2008. Li Hongjie.Slope Deformation and Stability Research Induced by Typical Human Activities.The Doctor Degree Dissertation of Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2008.

    [6] Boris Benko.Numberial Modelling of Complex Slope Deformations.The Doctor Degree Dissertation of Department of Geological Science,University of Saskatchewan.1997..

    [7] Jones DB,Reddish DJ,Siddle HJ,Whittaker BN.Landslides and undermining: Slope stability interaction with mining.In: Proceedings of the 7th International Society of Rock.Mechanics Congress,Aachen, 1992.

    [8] 王思敬, 黄鼎成.中国工程地质世纪成就[M].北京:地质出版社, 2004. Wang Sijing,Huang Dingcheng. Centurial Achievements of Chinese Engineering Geology.Beijing:Geologic Publishing House, 2004.

    [9] 中国岩石力学与工程学会地面岩石工程专业委员会, 中国地质学会工程地质专业委员会.中国典型滑坡, 1988. Surface Rock Engineering Professional Committee of Chinese Society for Rock Mechanics and Engineering,Engineering Geology Professional Committee of Geological Society of China.Chinese Typical Landslides, 1988.

    [10] 张咸恭, 王思敬,张倬元.中国工程地质学[M].北京: 科学出版社, 2000. Zhang Xiangong,Wang Sijing,Zhang Zhuoyuan.Chinese Engineering Geology.Beijing: Science Press, 2000.

    [11] 黄润秋, 许强.中国典型灾难性滑坡[M].北京: 科学出版社, 2008. Huang Runqiu,Xu Qiang.Catastrophic Landslides in China.Beijing: Science Press, 2008.

    [12] 许强, 黄润秋,殷跃平,侯圣山,董秀军,范宣梅,汤明高.2009年6 ·5重庆武隆鸡尾山崩滑灾害基本特征与成因机理初步研究[J].工程地质学报, 2009, 17 (4): 433~444. Xu Qiang,Huang Runqiu,Yin Yueping,Hou Shengshan,Dong Xiujun,Fan Xuanmei,Tang Minggao.The Jiweishan landslide of June 5, 2009 in Wulong,Chongqing: Characteristics and failure mechanism.Journal of Engineering Geology, 2009, 17 (4): 433~444.

    [13] 殷跃平. 斜倾厚层山体滑坡视向滑动机制研究——以重庆武隆鸡尾山滑坡为例[J].岩石力学与工程学报, 2010, 29 (2): 217~226. Yin Yueping.Mechanism of apparent dip slide of inclined bedding rockslide: A case study of Jiweishan rockslide in Wulong,Chongqing.Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 2010, 29 (2): 217~226.

    [14] 刘传正. 重庆武隆鸡尾山危岩体形成与崩塌成因机制[J].工程地质学报, 2010, 18 (3): 297~304. Liu Chuanzheng.Mechanism analysis on the jiweishan rockfall disaster happened in Wulong,Chongqing,June 5, 2009.Journal of Engineering Geology, 2010, 18 (3): 297~304.

    [15] Qiang Xu,Xuanmei Fan,Runqiu Huang,Yueping Yin,Shengshan Hou,Xiujun Dong,Minggao Tang.A catastrophic rockslide-debris flow in Wulong,Chongqing,China in 2009: Background,characterization and causes.Landslides, 2010, 7 : 75~87.

    [16] Yueping Yin,Ping Sun,Ming Zhang,Bin Li.Mechanism on apparent dip sliding of oblique inclined bedding rockslide at Jiweishan,Chongqing,China.Landslides,published online: 12 August 2010.

    [17] 梁明, 汤伏全.地下采矿诱发山体滑坡的规律研究[J].西安矿业学院学报, 1995, 15 (4): 331~335. Liang Ming,Tang Fuquan.Research on rules of mountain landslide caused by underground mining.Journal of Xi'an Mining Institute, 1995, 15 (4): 331~335.

    [18] 汤伏全, 梁明.地下开采影响下山体的稳定性分析与评价[J].矿山测量, 1995, 1; 23~26. Tang Fuquan,Liang Ming.Stability analysis and evaluation of the mountain effected by the underground mining.Mine Surveying, 1995, 1 : 23~26.

    [19] 殷跃平, 康宏达,张颖,费宇明,等.地质工程设计支持系统与链子崖锚固设计[M].北京:地质出版社, 1995. Yin Yueping,Kang Hongda,Zhang Ying,Fei Yuming,et al.Geo-engineering Design Support System and Lianziya Dangerous Rockmass Anchoring.Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 1995.

    [20] 杨忠民, 黄国明.地下采动诱发斜坡变形机理[J].西安矿业学院学报, 1999, 19 (2): 105~109. Yang Zhongmin,Huang Guoming.Deformation mechanism of declivity caused by underground mining movement.Journal of Xi'an Mining Institute, 1999, 19 (2): 105~109.

    [21] 何万龙. 山区开采沉陷与采动损害[M].北京: 中国科学技术出版社, 2003. He Wanlong.Subidence and Geohazards Induced by Mining in Mountainous Area.Beijing: Sci.and Tech.Press of China, 2003.

    [22] 李晓红, 卢义玉,康勇,饶邦华.岩石力学实验模拟技术[M].北京:科学出版社, 2007. Li Xiaohong,Lu Yiyu,Kang Yong,Rao Banghua.Experimental Modelling Technology of Rock Mechanism.Beijing: Science Press, 2007.

    [23] 林义兴. 长江三峡链子崖危岩体变形特性试验研究[J].河海大学学报, 1996, 24 (5): 60~66. Lin Yixing.Experimental Study on deformation behaviour of dangerous rock mass of lianziya cliff in Three Gerges area of the Yangtze river.Journal of Hohai University, 1996, 24 (5): 60~66.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  4582
  • HTML全文浏览量:  272
  • PDF下载量:  1086
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2011-02-26
  • 修回日期:  2011-07-22
  • 刊出日期:  2011-12-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回