汶川地震触发文家沟高速远程滑坡-碎屑流成因机理分析

王涛 石菊松 吴树仁 张永双 李滨 辛鹏 孙萍

王涛, 石菊松, 吴树仁, 张永双, 李滨, 辛鹏, 孙萍. 2010: 汶川地震触发文家沟高速远程滑坡-碎屑流成因机理分析. 工程地质学报, 18(5): 631-644.
引用本文: 王涛, 石菊松, 吴树仁, 张永双, 李滨, 辛鹏, 孙萍. 2010: 汶川地震触发文家沟高速远程滑坡-碎屑流成因机理分析. 工程地质学报, 18(5): 631-644.
WANG Tao, SHI Jusong, WU Shuren, ZHANG Yongshuang, LI Bin, XIN Peng, SUN Ping. 2010: FORMATION MECHANISM OF WENJIAGOU HIGH-SPEED AND LONG-RUNOUT DEBRIS AVALANCHE TRIGGERED BY WENCHUAN EARTHQUAKE. JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY, 18(5): 631-644.
Citation: WANG Tao, SHI Jusong, WU Shuren, ZHANG Yongshuang, LI Bin, XIN Peng, SUN Ping. 2010: FORMATION MECHANISM OF WENJIAGOU HIGH-SPEED AND LONG-RUNOUT DEBRIS AVALANCHE TRIGGERED BY WENCHUAN EARTHQUAKE. JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY, 18(5): 631-644.

汶川地震触发文家沟高速远程滑坡-碎屑流成因机理分析

基金项目: 

973计划项目课题专题(NO.2008CB425803):汶川地震重大次生山地灾害风险管理系统研究; 中国地质调查局项目(NO.1212010914025):龙门山及邻近构造带地震工程地质调查评价; 国家十一五科技支撑课题(NO.2006BAC04B05):地质灾害风险评估技术研究

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王涛,博士研究生,主要从事地质灾害研究,Email:wangtao820707@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P65

FORMATION MECHANISM OF WENJIAGOU HIGH-SPEED AND LONG-RUNOUT DEBRIS AVALANCHE TRIGGERED BY WENCHUAN EARTHQUAKE

  • 摘要: 文家沟高速远程滑坡-碎屑流位于映秀北川断裂带与灌县安县断裂带夹持的文家沟向斜断块中,地震断裂的强烈活动引起的振动效应是形成滑坡的先决条件。滑坡源区顶端与文家沟沟口高差约1360m,突兀山体下临深切峡谷的地形使地震动荷载在山脊部位的放大效应显著,并直接导致坡体破坏; 滑坡源区的地震动加速度3分量峰值分别为aEW=2.4g,aNS=2.3g,aUP=1.2g。D2gn观雾山组石灰岩斜坡具有强度渐进式分层结构,坡体表层以下约50m内的结构相对松散的残坡积层~新鲜岩体上部无法抵抗地震纵横波的周期性拉压与剪切耦合作用,被切割成为初始滑体; 滑体在第八级台地边缘高位剪出后,在文家沟上游地区最高滑移速度约介于93m s-1~122m s-1之间。滑体上部的干碎屑流在两处路径转折端瞬间压缩沟谷内的圈闭气体,形成明显的气垫效应,滑体下部泥石流底层液化和颗粒有效动摩擦系数随剪切速度增大而减小的效应都是导致碎屑流体高速远程滑移的关键; 同时,碎屑物流通过程中还伴有明显的岸坡铲刮与翻越效应、以及树木摧削效应。汶川地震后截至2009年9月,降雨诱发碎屑堆积物形成多次泥石流,反映了地震地质灾害的链生性和长期性。
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