工程地质学的研究目的, 是使工程建设和运营最大限度地适应并保护环境 (天人整体论 )。因此其研究内容, 围绕工程与环境的相互作用这个核心, 包括天然工程地质条件和环境、工程的地质作用和环境效应即人为地质现象, 特别是人为地质灾害的可能性。这些研究, 都应从区域到场地再到区域, 从深部到浅表再到深部 (区域深部控制观点和环境效应扩展观点 ), 从历史到现状到远近未来 (自然 -人为历史观点 ) ;环境效应应从单项到全部 (全面无遗 )再到单项 (突出重点 ) (时空态整体论 )。而其研究方法, 应是岩体, 土体结构力学、岩体、土体水力学与岩土水气物理化学的微观研究并举但突出结构力学, 地质科学、环境科学、工程科学、系统科学的宏观研究并举但突出地质科学 (宏观微观整体论 ) ;建立地质模型、力学模型、数学模型和管理模型, 并与探测、测试、模拟实验、计算预测、监测、管理技术的开发应用相结合, 以求解和实现模型 (手段目的整体论 )。根据以上论述, 文中还对工程地质学的学科体系、学科地位、机构设置、人员培养等提出建议。
Engineering geological study is aimed at maximal adoption to and protection of the environment by engineering construction and running: holism of nature-human being. So its theoretical kernel-interaction between engineering and the environment, and its objects include natural engineering geological conditions and the environment geological action and environment effects of engineering, i.e.. artificial geological phenomena, especially, possible artificial geological disasters. All these studies should be carried out from region to construction site to region again, from depth to shallow part to depth again(view of control by region and depth, view of expansion of enviromental effects), from history to present condition to near and distant future(view of natural and artificial history); Whereas the study on environmental effects of engineering-from one to all(without omission)to most important one (to stress the main points):holism of time-space-state. Microscopically, rock mass-soil mass structure mechanical study, rock mass-soil mass hydraulical study and rock-soil-water-gas physico-chemical study should be developed simultaneously with emphasis on structure mechanicsl study. Macroscopically, studies from view point of geoscience, environmtnal science, engineering science and system science should be developed simultaneously with emphasis on study from view point of geoscience: holism of macro-microscopic studies. On the basis of all these studies geological, mechanical, mathematical and management models are estabilished step by step. These models are solved and realized with development and application of exploration, testing, physical and digital, simulation, prediction, monitoring, management techniques:holism of ends-means. Based on above-stated, a system of engineering geology, the status of engineering geology as branch of learning, setting up of research and education organizations, and training of specialists-engineering geologists are suggested in this paper.